Home / European / FXT15116 – Colonia y el Rin – Cologne and Rhine

FXT15116 – Colonia y el Rin – Cologne and Rhine

FXT15116 - Colonia y el Rin - Cologne and Rhine

La catedral de Colonia (en alemán, Kölner Dom —oficialmente Hohe Domkirche St. Peter) es un templo católico de estilo gótico, comenzó a construirse en 1248 y no se terminó hasta 1880. Está situada en el centro de la ciudad de Colonia. Con sus 157 metros de altura fue el edificio más alto del mundo hasta la culminación del Monumento a Washington en 1884, de 170 metros. Es el monumento más visitado de Alemania. Es además la sede del arzobispo de Colonia y de la administración de la arquidiócesis de Colonia. Fue declarada Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco en 1996.

es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catedral_de_Colonia

Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and of the administration of the Archdiocese of Cologne. It is a renowned monument of German Catholicism and Gothic architecture and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996. It is Germany’s most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day, and currently the tallest twin-spired church at 157 m (515 ft) tall.
Construction of Cologne Cathedral commenced in 1248 and was halted in 1473, leaving it unfinished. Work restarted in the 19th century and was completed, to the original plan, in 1880. The cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires. The towers for its two huge spires give the cathedral the largest façade of any church in the world. The choir has the largest height to width ratio, 3.6:1, of any medieval church.
Cologne’s medieval builders had planned a grand structure to house the reliquary of the Three Kings and fit its role as a place of worship for the Holy Roman Emperor. Despite having been left incomplete during the medieval period, Cologne Cathedral eventually became unified as "a masterpiece of exceptional intrinsic value" and "a powerful testimony to the strength and persistence of Christian belief in medieval and modern Europe".
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne_Cathedral

El río Rin (en alemán: Rhein; en francés: Rhin; en neerlandés: Rijn; en romanche: Rain) es un importante río de Europa, la vía fluvial más utilizada de la Unión Europea (UE). Con una longitud de 1233 km (14° más largo de Europa), es navegable en un tramo de 883 km entre Basilea (Suiza) y su delta en el mar del Norte.
El nombre Rin es de origen celta y significa ‘fluir’ (como en griego antiguo rheīn ‘fluir’). Junto con el Danubio, el Rin constituía la mayor parte de la frontera septentrional (el limes) del Imperio romano. Los romanos lo denominaban Rhēnus.

es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rin

The Rhine (Latin: Rhenus, Romansh: Rein, German: Rhein, French: le Rhin[1], Italian: Reno, Dutch: Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The largest city on the Rhine is Cologne, Germany, with a population of more than 1,050,000 people. It is the second-longest river in Central and Western Europe (after the Danube), at about 1,230 km (760 mi), with an average discharge of about 2,900 m3/s (100,000 cu ft/s).
The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire and, since those days, the Rhine has been a vital and navigable waterway carrying trade and goods deep inland. Its importance as a waterway in the Holy Roman Empire is supported by the many castles and fortifications built along it. In the modern era, it has become a symbol of German nationalism.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhine

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